Baklava is a dessert as old as time, to use the phrase loosely. Originating from Turkey probably in the 15th century but perhaps earlier, this layered pastry has now spread throughout the Balkans and Middle East: Serbia, Bulgaria, Jordan, Lebanon, Afghanistan, Syria, Georgia, Greece.

The recipe varies slightly from country to country and region to region. All have in common thin pastry layers, nuts, and a sweet syrup. Depending on where you find it, the filling can be made from walnuts, almonds, pistachios, hazelnuts (even pecans if you’re in Texas). It can be a combination of nuts, or all one type.

The pastry is called filo dough (also spelled phyllo or fillo) and means “leaf” in Greek. It is a wheat dough rolled impossibly thin; so thin it’s almost translucent. I’ve read that in Greece, baklava is made during Easter with 33 layers of filo to represent the 33 years of Christ’s life; I’ve also read that 40 layers are used, I guess just because 40 is a recurring number in the bible. I make mine with neither 33 nor 40 layers. I just make it as many layers as I make.


Baklava Tips

In my recipe, I use a combination of walnuts and pistachios but feel free to experiment with yours. Just be sure to use unsalted nuts, and preferably raw (though if you wanted to toast them a little first I’m sure that would be delicious). I’ve tried recipes using pure honey, heated until thin, as the syrup, but those to me turn out too sticky to be easy to eat. And if there’s one thing I need, it’s for my sweet snacks to be easy as hell to get into my mouth!

Flavor your syrup with just the lemon rind or add a few drops of rose or orange flower water for a Persian-style baklava. You can also make this with olive oil instead of melted butter, or use half and half, but I like the sweetness that butter adds.

Making the baklava in a larger pan and doubling the recipe is no more work, either, so if you have a crowd to feed, I recommend that. For just the two of us here, a big pan of baklava is way more than we need so I just make small 8×8 inch batches.

More Baklava

As I mentioned, there are many ways to make baklava but I found this recipe for Balkan Bosnian baklava over at Aida’s Balkan Lunchbox site that looks particularly good. It uses walnuts and a lemon-infused syrup. I love that combination. Her recipe also makes a large batch so if you are making baklava for a crowd, try it out!

How to make Baklava Video – scroll down for printable recipe

Baklava Recipe – Printable!



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4.9 from 13 reviews

  • Author: Hilah Johnson
  • Cook Time: 2 hours
  • Total Time: 2 hours
  • Yield: 16 1x


  • 1/2 pound walnuts, almonds or pistachios, or a combination
  • 6 tablespoons sugar
  • 1 teaspoon cinnamon
  • 1/2 teaspoon lemon zest
  • 1/2 pound phyllo dough, thawed
  • 1/2 cup (1/4 pound) melted butter
  • Syrup:
  • 1 cup water
  • 6 tablespoons sugar (1/4 cup + 2 tablespoons)
  • 1 T lemon juice
  • 2” strip lemon rind or orange rind
  • 6 tablespoons honey


  1. Set oven to 325F and line a 8×8 inch pan with parchment paper and brush with butter
  2. Grind or chop the nuts. Be sure to use raw, unsalted nuts. Combine nuts with sugar, cinnamon and lemon zest in a bowl.
  3. Lay 2 phyllo pastry sheets in the bottom, brush with butter, lay 2 more sheets, butter, 2 sheets, butter (8 sheets of phyllo total).
  4. Sprinkle with a third of the filling.
  5. Lay 2 more sheets phyllo on top and brush with butter.
  6. Continue layering filling with 2 sheets of phyllo and butter until filling is used up.
  7. Layer the top with 2 sheets/butter as in the first layer until phyllo is used up.
  8. Brush top with butter.
  9. Use a short sharp knife to cut the baklava into small diamond shapes. Cutting before cooking is necessary because once it’s cooked, you won’t be able to cut it without crushing the delicate crispy layers.
  10. Bake for 30 minutes, then reduce heat to 300F and bake another 45-60 minutes until golden and puffed.
  11. During the last 15-30 minutes of baking, make the syrup:
  12. Combine syrup ingredients – except honey – in a medium pot and stir to dissolve.
  13. Heat over medium-high until boiling.
  14. Reduce heat to medium and simmer 15 minutes uncovered.
  15. Add honey and simmer another 5 minutes. Remove from heat and remove rinds.
  16. Pour hot syrup over hot baklava then let cool to room temperature, then refrigerate.


Recipe may be doubled and baked in an 11×7 inch or 13×9 inch pan instead.
QUICK CHILL: for an 8×8″ pan, get a very large bowl with an opening about 13″ across. Fill almost to the top with cold water and ice. Set the pan on top, so that the bottom is just touching the cold water. Baklava will be cooled within 10-15 minutes.


  • Serving Size: 1 piece
  • Calories: 239
  • Fat: 15
  • Carbohydrates: 25

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  1. Rosie on April 5, 2014 at 5:31 pm

    This recipe is so much less scary than others I’ve come across for baklava! Can’t wait t

    • Hilah on April 6, 2014 at 11:09 am

      Hooray! Hope you give it a shot, Rosie!

  2. Steven on April 5, 2014 at 8:11 pm

    Rats, I just got back from the store with my phyllo dough and walnuts and I just realized–I forgot the lemon. How crucial is that? Do you just need something acidic? Could I put in vinegar and a drop of lemon extract instead (or would that just be stupid to do)?

    • Hilah on April 6, 2014 at 11:08 am

      I’d just leave it out, Steven. It’s not so much for the acidity itself, as it is for the flavor. If you have an orange that will work, but you should be fine omitting the juice/rind completely, too.

      • Steven on April 6, 2014 at 8:58 pm

        I couldn’t stand the thought of leaving out an ingredient so I went back to the store this morning to get some lemons and I’m glad I did! That citrus note makes a noticeable impact I think! I really like the syrup–especially because it’s not overly sweet. I think the first time I tried baklava was when I was a kid and it was just soaked in what seemed like almost pure honey–way way too sweet.

        • Hilah on April 7, 2014 at 8:44 am

          Yippee! I’m super glad you decided to make another trip to the store. The lemon juice does a lot to balance the sweetness. It’s GREAT that your first try making it was a success! 😀

        • Ilksen on July 13, 2014 at 4:52 pm

          Glad to hear that was not too sweet! I’m originally from Turkey and this is a really great recipe. The ones I had as a child were too sweet but this is much better and easier to do with phillo dough. I love to add some rose water to the syrup after removing from the heat which adds a great authentic touch in my opinion. You can find it in any Middle Eastern market and it has other uses too if you google it.
          Very well done Hilah, you nailed it! 😀

          • Hilah on July 13, 2014 at 5:33 pm

            Thank you, Ilksen! I’m so glad you approve of my baklava! 🙂

  3. Kim Young on April 7, 2014 at 3:33 pm

    Hilah! What is the name of the band playing during the dough layering?

    • Hilah on April 12, 2014 at 8:26 am

      Hi Kim!
      It’s a piece of stock music from Premium Beat, called “Where’s my Banjo”. I don’t know the name of the person or band.

  4. Jessie on April 7, 2014 at 9:19 pm

    fact: you are my friend. fact: I was there when you were making this. Fact: You are not greek. Fact: but you are a geek. Ergo: deez baklavas were good.

    • Hilah on April 8, 2014 at 9:35 am

      These are all facts! Sorry I didn’t save you any baklava.

  5. Amy @ What Jew Wanna Eat on April 8, 2014 at 5:38 pm

    One of my favorite desserts ever! You make it look easy, Hilah!

    • Hilah on April 8, 2014 at 5:58 pm

      It’s one of my favorites, too. I’m embarrassed to say how many pieces I ate. 🙂

  6. Diane on April 9, 2014 at 5:57 pm

    I always thought baklava was WAY too sweet (well, pretty much everything sweet is too sweet for me), but this syrup idea and the lemon is genius for taming the sweetnes.

    Also, hi!

    • Hilah on April 10, 2014 at 9:00 am

      Hi Diane!!
      I have also had baklava that is way too sweet and I think that might be when people use straight honey for the syrup, instead of cutting it with simple syrup (even though that seems counterintuitive).

  7. Pedro on April 10, 2014 at 5:41 pm

    It looks really tasty..I will try doing it.

    • Hilah on April 12, 2014 at 8:22 am

      You’ll love it, Pedro!

  8. Patrick on April 15, 2014 at 9:28 pm

    I’m going to make this and bring it to my mom’s for Easter this weekend, I’m super psyched to give it a try.

    I went out and bought a giant 3 lb. bag of walnuts at Costco, is it ok to just eyeball what I suppose a half-pound looks like? I don’t have a scale…

    • Hilah on April 16, 2014 at 8:37 am

      Awesome, Patrick! A half pound of chopped walnuts is about 2 cups worth. A little more or less than a half pound won’t make a big difference to the recipe. It’s gonna be great!

      • Patrick on April 24, 2014 at 7:12 pm

        Yo, Hilah. Making this Baklava was awesome, everyone really liked it! I made a test batch and brought it to work and it got devoured too. I received many compliments on my pastry prowess. I can’t wait to try out more of your recipes.

  9. Terry on April 16, 2014 at 5:40 pm

    I made this twice this week, and it turned out well both times. The taste is great, not too sweet, and it’s simple enough to make that I’ll definitely make it again sometime. Awesome recipe. Thanks for sharing!

    • Hilah on April 18, 2014 at 8:09 am

      Fantastic! Thanks, Terry! So glad you had success with the baklava.

  10. Nicole on April 19, 2014 at 1:36 am

    I have always been super intimidated by baklava…so many layers! But now that I’ve seen this, I’m definitely gonna give it a shot! You da best, Hilah.

    • Hilah on April 19, 2014 at 8:51 am

      Hooray! Great to hear that, Nicole. It’s wonderful when a difficult-seeming recipe turns out to not be so hard and you can impress everyone with your skillz in the kitchen. Enjoy!

  11. chellis on April 22, 2014 at 3:25 pm

    hi i wanted to know if i could use egg roll sheets instead since i couldnt get any phyllo dough

    • Hilah on April 24, 2014 at 1:51 pm

      I’m sorry, Chellis. Those won’t work for this.

  12. teresa on April 23, 2014 at 5:39 am

    Can I just sqeeze the lemon juice but not put the lemon in the suse?

    • Hilah on April 24, 2014 at 1:51 pm

      That will be fine, Teresa!

  13. Matías on July 20, 2014 at 8:25 pm

    Hi Hilah, I love your recipes!. But i have a question. Can i do the syrup without the lemon? Or do you have other recepie of syrups? Thank you hilah! I’m going to do this amazing and delicious recipe 😉

    • Hilah on July 21, 2014 at 8:01 am

      Hi Matías!
      Yes, you can omit the lemon from the syrup and the recipe will still work. It will be a bit sweeter, but it will work. 🙂

      • Matías on July 22, 2014 at 1:20 am

        ¡Thank you! You’re awesome ;), But one more thing, can you say me the ½ pound walnuts, almonds or pistachios, or a combination in cups? i need that in cups. Thank you, And can i do the syrup without the honey? TY

        • Hilah on July 22, 2014 at 7:53 am

          A half-pound of nuts is about 2 1/2 cups (before chopping). I don’t know about omitting the honey. You can try it, but increase the sugar to maybe a 1/2 cup. I really don’t know if that will work, though, and suggest you try with honey if you can.

          • Matías on August 3, 2014 at 12:01 am

            Oh hilah, i did this recipie and it was SERIOUSLY DELICIOUS, i love your recipes.

  14. Ilksen on July 24, 2014 at 5:05 pm

    Hi Hilah, I’m so glad I came across with your website and recipes, which was by accident! Love the idea of a video with each recipe. This was the best baklava I ever made and it was a huge hit, including myself who was not a big fan because of its excessive sweetness! Look forward to try more of your delicious and practical recipes!.:-)

    • Hilah on July 25, 2014 at 9:28 am

      Hi Ilksen!
      I’m so glad you found me, too! Really happy the baklava turned out well. I love it when I discover that something I thought was super hard is completely manageable. 🙂 Thanks for writing!

  15. Panos on April 1, 2015 at 7:08 pm

    So i tried this recipe but when i try to eat a piece the phyllo sheets are being separated because of the nuts in-between, how i can avoid that? Btw it still tastes amazing and it is my favorite recipe….

    • Hilah on April 2, 2015 at 10:33 am

      Hi Panos,
      You can try chopping the nuts finer next time. Glad you like the baklava!

  16. Vimla on September 23, 2015 at 12:36 am

    Hi Hilah, can I bake the pastry today and pour the syrup over tomorrow?

    • Hilah on September 23, 2015 at 10:32 am

      Hi Vimla,
      I don’t see why that wouldn’t work! Just keep it covered tightly so it doesn’t dry out too much.

  17. Sarah on November 8, 2015 at 9:17 pm

    Greetings from Singapore Hilah!!

    Love love love this recipe so much. I’ve been waiting for a simple baklava recipe, lo and behold, I found your video! I added some rose water in with the syrup and it was uber delicious! thank you so much for your awesome recipes! I made this baklava like four times already and its a hit with my family, it wasnt too sweet like other store-bought baklavas so it really appealed to the old grandmamas and grandpas! stay awesome and thanks again for this awesome baklava concoction!!


    • Hilah on November 11, 2015 at 9:00 am

      That makes me so happy, Sarah! 🙂 Thanks for writing

  18. jack on December 14, 2015 at 12:05 pm

    Really nice job with the video and written instructions.Thanks

  19. slinky on June 22, 2020 at 3:00 pm

    This baklava was DELICIOUS!! It was my first time making it and turned out perfect! It’s so expensive to buy, but I’m making it myself from now on thanks to your recipe! ? So glad I ran across it and. Thanks for sharing!

  20. Jenny on January 22, 2021 at 11:49 am

    I plan to make this and have a bottle of rose water…how much should I put in the syrup? Thank you for the reply, can’t wait to try this!

    • Hilah on January 23, 2021 at 8:21 am

      You really just want a few drops or else it’ll end up tasting like perfume. I’d start with 1/8 teaspoon and then taste the syrup with a spoon (it’s very hot! don’t stick your finger in it!)

  21. Suzy Hayes on March 3, 2021 at 7:58 pm

    Hi, Can this be frozen? I have never made or even eaten baklava. Sooo…here I go.

  22. Aurora on October 2, 2022 at 3:21 pm

    Love the recipe nice and easy. The only thing I would do next time is double the liquid. I used walnut almonds and pistachios my favorite combination every time I make baklava.

    • Hilah on October 7, 2022 at 12:24 pm

      Thank you!

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